The commercial construction process consists of six main steps. To fully appreciate the work that goes into a construction project o this nature, you need to know and understand each step. These steps are also made up of other steps, so you may see some sources saying there are 11 steps in the process, while some may even be less than six.
Before you go onto the first major step in the process, you need to have the location and the concept of what you want down. Included here is the architectural drawing outlining conceptual presentation of the building.
Step 1: Planning
The planning stage is where all the major discussions on the design of the building is considered. Many phases of the construction process overlaps at this point of the process. Permits are sought; rough drawings of the conceptualized building and environment assessments are done. The financial aspects of the project are also discussed and a rough budget decided on.
Step 2: The Bidding Process
At this stage, the drawings for the building or buildings must have already been completed. Some of the plans that must be available to guide the bidding process include the architectural drawings, structural plans, and electrical drawings. It is from these drawings that the project specification can be done for the bidders to know what they will be building. Before building contractors can start bidding on the job, they must know what they are bidding to do.
The contract or at least a draft contract is normally done at this stage as well.
Step 3: Pre-construction
This is where the building material is decided and the project plan completed. At the pre-construction stage of the process all the major decisions should have already been agreed.
Step 4: Decision
Once all parties are agreed on the building plan and what is expected, the building permit is sought. The final decisions on the design and other technical aspects of the building are agreed and sign off for the construction is given. If changes are required, this is normally done at this point as well.
Step 5: Final Document
The contract with the contractor and other relevant parties are signed and construction work begins. Even though this is the final document, depending on some factors, there may be minor changes to the contact or design if necessary to meet standards and codes.
Step 6: Final Inspection
The importance of the final inspection cannot be over-stressed. This is where everything is checked to ensure that standards have been met. The architect and other professionals including the electrical and civil engineers will sign off that everything is fine. Once this is finalized, it is time for the building approvals from the agencies before it is occupied for tenants or owners.
Once the contractor has obtained a certificate of occupancy, the construction process is basically over.
Our project planners and construction project managers are well versed in all parts of the building process and will help you make the best decisions for the duration of the project. Give us a call at 407-316-8544 to discuss hiring us to manage your construction project.